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Links to Hypnic Jerking Articles

Updated: Feb 15







The clinical heterogeneity of drug-induced myoclonus: an illustrated review https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5533847/?


Twinkling, star-shaped brain cells may hold the key to why, how we sleep: https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-09-twinkling-star-shaped-brain-cells-key.html?


Ion channel linked to brain inflammation identified: [https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-09-ion-channel-linked-brain-inflammation.html?fbclid=IwAR37mgHl_O-4bNadjkZofk4NH7Blai-Nt67596D-kLnH7v8UCAEPBFXYXR8_aem_AVpgB45POtdZ0t0WbJ8fEIfEXF74yICyiYqxx8i-dNnuhVi99byVwqrFxiEi9G9QfKQ](https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-09-ion-channel-linked-brain-inflammation.html?fbclid=IwAR37mgHl_O-4bNadjkZofk4NH7Blai-Nt67596D-kLnH7v8UCAEPBFXYXR8_aem_AVpgB45POtdZ0t0WbJ8fEIfEXF74yICyiYqxx8i-dNnuhVi99byVwqrFxiEi9G9QfKQ) (In the prior link, astrocytes were implicated in sleep onset. Here is an article linking for the first time, a calcium ion channelopathy (genetic mutation) with brain inflammation. It is researching astrocytes/glial cells that regulate calcium and the nervous system. A channelopathy is loss of proper cell functioning, causing excessive membrane excitability.


Upregulation of T-type Ca2+ Channels in Primary Sensory Neurons in Spinal Nerve Injury: https://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/fulltext/2013/03150/upregulation_of_t_type_ca2__channels_in_primary.3.aspx (Channelopathy nerve injury increases the density of T-type calcium channels leading to neuronal hyperexcitability)



Seizures with an atypical etiology in an elderly patient: Eagle's syndrome--how does one treat it? https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26604239/

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